Michael T. Freehill, M.D.
- Associate Professor of Orthopaedic Surgery
- Team Physician, University of Michigan Athletics
Dr. Freehill graduated Magna Cum Laude from University of San Diego with his Bachelor’s in chemistry, where he also played college baseball. After graduation, he was drafted as a pitcher by the California Angels, and was on the Major League 40- Man Roster for two years, before undergoing thermal capsulorrhaphy shoulder surgery. He later signed with the Texas Rangers, and again reached Triple A. Following his professional baseball career, Dr. Freehill pursued his medical doctorate at Tulane University School of Medicine. Following with residency at Johns Hopkins University, he was honored with the Orthopaedic Residency Research Award. He then went on to pursue Fellowships in Sports Medicine from Stanford University, as well as Shoulder and Elbow Surgery from Harvard University. He spent 4 ½ years at Wake Forest University Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, where he was named Director of Sports Medicine and head team physician, before joining the University of Michigan as an Associate Professor.
Dr. Freehill is additionally the head team physician for Eastern Michigan University baseball and a team physician for the Detroit Tigers. He currently has funding from Major League Baseball studying pitch counts and intensities in youth baseball players. Dr. Freehill has been elected for two prestigious traveling fellowships; the American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine to Asia and the American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons to Europe. He was second author on a Neer Award winning paper and is currently on the Medical Publishing Board of Trustees for the American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine.
Department:Department of Orthopaedic Surgery
- Throwing-related elbow and shoulder injuries
- Other sports-related disorders of the shoulder and elbow
- Rotator cuff and shoulder instability, shoulder arthritis, and complex shoulder pathology
- Improved diagnostic capabilities and surgical technical advances
- Minimally invasive augmentation options such as the use of biologics in shoulder care
- Clinical outcomes and biomechanics of overhead throwers
- Prevention of childhood injury, and development of new policy-relevant throwing guidelines and recommendations
- Preoperative planning and virtual templating for shoulder arthroplasty
Education and Training:
- Medical School: Tulane University School of Medicine, New Orleans, LA
- Residency: The Johns Hopkins Hospital, Orthopaedic Surgery, Baltimore, MD
- Stanford University, Orthopaedic Sports Medicine, Stanford, CA
- Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Orthopaedic Shoulder and Elbow, Boston, MA
2015 American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine. Traveling Fellowship (Asia-Pacific)
2015 American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine. Invited Faculty Contingent. 8th International Congress of Arthroscopy and Sports Traumatology. Cartagena, Colombia.
2014 The Neer Award. Clinical category. Delaney RA, Freehill MT, Janfaza DR, Simon MV, Vlassakov, KV, Higgins LD, Warner JJ. Neuromonitoring the Latarjet Procedure.
2010 Johns Hopkins University Department of Orthopaedic Surgery. Resident Researcher Award
Reynolds JW, Henshaw DS, Jaffe JD, Dobson SW, Edwards CJ, Turner JD, Weller RS, Graves BR, Freehill MT. Analgesic Benefit of PECS II Blockade for Open Subpectoral Biceps Tenodesis: A Randomized, Prospective, Double-Blinded, Control Trial. Anesth Analg. 2019;129(2):536-542.
Vidt ME, Santago AC, Marsh AP, Hegedus EJ, Tuohy CJ, Poehling GG, Freehill MT, Miller ME, Saul KR. Modeling a rotator cuff tear: individualized shoulder muscle forces influence glenohumeral joint contact force predictions. Clinical Biomechanics. 2018;60:20-29.
Bakshi NK, Freehill MT. The Overhead Athlete’s Shoulder. Sports Med Arthrosc Rev. 2018;26(3):88-94.
Kirsch JM, Khan M, Thornley P, Gichuru M, Freehill MT, Neviaser A, Moravek J, Miller BS, Bedi A. Platform shoulder arthroplasty: a systematic review. J Shoulder and Elbow Surg. 2018;27(4):756-763.
Haws BE, Stone AV, Usoro AO, Marquez-Lara A, Mannava S, Freehill MT. Optimal management of physeal elbow injuries in the skeletally immature athlete remains undefined: a systematic review. J ISAKOS:Joint Dis and Orthop Sports Med. 2018;3(1):38-45.
Marquez-Lara A, Stone AV, Luo TD, Parker BR, Sharma A, Freehill MT. Top 50 Cited Journal Articles on Overhead Throwing Athletes: A Bibliographic Analysis. J Shoulder and Elbow Surg Open Access. 2017;1(2):55-62.
Taverna E, Guarrella V, Freehill MT, Garavaglia G. Arthroscopic reduction with endobutton fixation for glenoid fracture. Joints. 2017;5(2):127-30.
Stone AV, Mannava S, Patel A, Marquez-Lara A, Freehill MT. Defining the long toss: A professional baseball epidemiological study. Ortho J Sports Med. 2017;5(2):2325967116686773.
Haws BE, Luo TD, Al’Khafaji IM, Rogers JP, Botros DB, Freehill MT. Definitive management of thigh contusions in athletes: but how definitive? a systematic review. J ISAKOS:Joint Dis and Orthop Sports Med. 2017;2(2);67-74.
Jinnah AH, Mannava S, Plate JF, Stone AV, Freehill MT. Basic Shoulder Arthroscopy: Lateral Decubitus Patient Positioning. Arthrosc Tech. 2016;19(5):e1069-1075.
Luo TD, Poehling GG, Freehill MT. The Classic. Review of Arciero’s article (1994) on arthroscopic Bankart repair versus nonoperative treatment for acute, initial anterior shoulder dislocations: does the same hold true in 2016? J ISAKOS:Joint Dis and Orthop Sports Med. 2016;1(6):358-364.
Mannava S, Jinnah AH, Plate JF, Stone AV, Tuohy CJ, Freehill MT. Basic shoulder arthroscopy: beach chair patient positioning. Arthrosc Tech. 2016;5(4):e731-e735.
Case JM, Mannava S, Fallin JH, Stone AV, Freehill MT. Acute changes in glenohumeral range-of-motion following in-season minor league pitching starts. Phys Sportsmed. 2015;43(4):360-5.
Shi LL, Mullen M, Freehill MT, Lin A, Warner JJ, Higgins LD. Long head of biceps subluxation as predictor for subscapularis tears. Arthroscopy. 2015;31(4):615-9.
Iriberri I, Candrian C, Freehill MT, Raiss P, Boileau P, Walch G. Anatomic Shoulder Replacement for Primary Osteoarthritis in Patients over 80 years. Are Results as Good as in Younger Patients? Acta Orthopaedica. 2015;86(3):298-302.
Black EM, Lin A, Srikumaran U, Jain N, Freehill MT. Arthroscopic Transosseous Rotator Cuff Repair: Technical note, outcomes, and complications. Orthopedics. 2015;38(5):e352-e358.
Freehill MT, Gorbachinsky I, Lavender JD, Davis RL, Mannava S. Presumed testicular rupture during a college baseball game: a case report and review of the literature for on-field recognition and management. Sports Health. 2015;7(2):177-80.
Delaney RA, Freehill MT, Janfaza DR, Vlassakov KV, Higgins LD, Warner JJ. 2014 Neer Award Paper: Neuromonitoring the Latarjet procedure. J Shoulder Elbow Surg. 2014;23(10):1473-80.
Freehill MT, Mannava S, Safran MR. Outcomes evaluation of the athletic elbow. Sports Med Arthrosc. 2014;22(3):e25-32.
Ek ETH, Shi LL, Tompson JD, Freehill MT, Warner JJ. Surgical treatment of isolated type II SLAP lesions: repair versus biceps tenodesis. J Shoulder Elbow Surg. 2014;23(7):1059-65.
Srikumaran U, Wells JH, Freehill MT, Tan EW, Higgins LD, Warner JJ. Scapular winging: a great masquerader of shoulder disorders. AAOS exhibit selection. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2014; 96(14):e122(1-13).
Delaney R, Freehill MT, Higgins LD, Warner JP. Durability of partial humeral head resurfacing with coexisting pathology or concomitant procedures. J Shoulder Elbow Surg. 2014;23(1):e14-22.
Freehill MT, Archer KR, Diffenderfer BW, Ebel BG, Cosgarea, AJ, McFarland EG. Changes in collegiate starting pitchers range of motion after single game and season. Phys Sportsmed. 2014;42(1):69-74.
Srikumaran U, Stein BE, Tan EW, Freehill MT, Wilckens JH. Upper-extremity peripheral nerve blocks in the perioperative pain management of orthopaedic patients: AAOS exhibit selection. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2013;95(24):e197(1-13).
Abrams GD, McGarry MH, Jain NS, Freehill MT, Shin SJ, Cheung EV, Lee TQ, Safran MR. Biomechanical evaluation of a coracoclavicular and acromioclacicular ligament reconstruction technique utilizing a single continuous intramedullary free tendon graft. J Shoulder Elbow Surg. 2013;22(7):979-85.
Freehill MT, Srikumaran U, Archer KR, McFarland EG, Petersen SA. The Latarjet coracoid process transfer procedure: alterations in the neurovascular structures. J Shoulder Elbow Surg. 2013;22(5):695-700.
Stein BE, Srikumaran U, Tan EW, Freehill MT, Wilckens JH. Lower-extremity peripheral nerve blocks in the perioperative pain management of orthopaedic patients. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2012;94(22):e167.
Freehill MT, Shi LL, Tompson JD, Warner JJ. Suprascapular neuropathy: diagnosis and management. Phys Sportsmed. 2012;40(1):72-83.